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C Programming Language Adoor Pathanamthitta Pandalam Kerala Software Courses

C ( C )

>> C

The “C” Programming Language course syllabus

Course outline

 Introduction to compiling and software development

 Basic scalar data types and their operators

 Flow control

 Complex data types: arrays, structures and pointers

 Structuring the code: functions and modules

 Preprocessing source code


 Absolute basics

 Languages: natural and artificial

 Machine languages

 High-level programming languages

 Obtaining the machine code: compilation process

 Recommended readings

 Your first program

 Variable – why?

 Integer values in real life and in “C”, integer literals

Data types

 Floating point values in real life and in “C”, float literals

 Arithmetic operators

 Priority and binding

 Post- and pre -incrementation and -decrementation

 Operators of type op=

 Char type and ASCII code, char literals

 Equivalence of int and char data

 Comparison operators

 Conditional execution and if keyword

 printf() and scanf() functions: absolute basics

 Flow control

 Conditional execution continued: the “else” branch

 More integer and float types

 Conversions – why?

 Typecast and its operators

 Loops – while, do and for

 Controlling the loop execution – break and continue

 Logical and bitwise operators


 Switch: different faces of ‘if’

 Arrays (vectors) – why do you need them?

 Sorting in real life and in a computer memory

 Initiators: a simple way to set an array

 Pointers: another kind of data in “C”

 An address, a reference, a dereference and the sizeof operator

 Simple pointer and pointer to nothing (NULL) & operator

 Pointers arithmetic

 Pointers vs. arrays: different forms of the same phenomenon

 Using strings: basics

 Basic functions dedicated to string manipulation

 Memory management and structures

 The meaning of array indexing

 The usage of pointers: perils and disadvantages

 Void type

 Arrays of arrays and multidimensional arrays

 Memory allocation and deallocation: malloc() and free() functions

 Arrays of pointers vs. multidimensional arrays

 Structures – why?

 Declaring, using and initializing structures

 Pointers to structures and arrays of structures

 Basics of recursive data collections


 Functions – why?

 How to declare, define and invoke a function

 Variables' scope, local variables and function parameters

 Pointers, arrays and structures as function parameters

 Function result and return statement

 Void as a parameter, pointer and result

 Parameterzing the main function

 External function and the extern declarator

 Header files and their role

Files and streams

 Files vs. streams: where does the difference lie?

 Header files needed for stream operations

FILE structure

 Opening and closing a stream, open modes, errno variable

 Reading and writing to/from a stream

 Predefined streams: stdin, stdout and stderr

 Stream manipulation: fgetc(), fputc(), fgets() and fputs() functions

 Raw input/output: fread() and fwrite() functions

 Preprocessor and complex declarations

 Preprocessor – why?

 #include: how to make use of a header file

 #define: simple and parameterized macros

 #undef directive

 Predefined preprocessor symbols

 Macro operators: # and ##

 Conditional compilation: #if and #ifdef directives

 Avoiding multiple compilations of the same header files

 Scopes of declarations, storage classes

 User defined types-why?

 Pointers to functions

 Analyzing and creating complex declarations









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